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Is Graphene the future of Computing
Is Graphene the future of Computing

Is Graphene the future of Computing

Hello!! Learners

We are getting to discuss a revolutionary material GRAPHENE which may increase the speed of computer by nearly 1000 TIMES. Graphene is a interlinked carbon atoms array arranged during a sheet just one atom thick. Because of high number of applications, including super-fast electronics, ultra-sensitive sensors and incredibly durable materials it is an awesome material. Graphene started in 2003, when scientists found they might peel off a gossamer film of the fabric just by touching a bit of ordinary sticky tape to a block of purified graphite. Graphene is stronger than steel and at the same time it is also extremely flexible, and electrons could zip through it at high speeds. It earned its discoverers the Nobel prize in 2010, but researchers spent years struggling to manufacture it on larger scales and deciding how its remarkable properties could best be used.

Speedy Electrons

image Carbon atoms in graphene are arranged in an well defined honeycomb pattern in which each electron shared itself with three neighboring carbon atoms. That structure allows any added electrons to maneuver speedily across its surface. Ordinarily, one electron might move through a conducting metal like copper at 1.2 inches per minute (given a 12-gauge wire with 10 amps of electricity). But in early experiments on graphene, electrons zipped along at 2.34 billion inches per minute — which could bring electronics that charge in just a few of minutes and eventually in a matter of seconds. Reaserchers make transistor using grapheme and transistor are the building block of computer. But, Their speed is restricted by the fabric they're made out of. By applying magnetic field to grapheme researchers increase the speed of micro processor by 100 times and also at the same time it uses 1 % of power.

Graphene Transistor

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A graphene transistor may be a nanoscale device supported graphene, a component of graphite with electronic properties far superior to those of silicon. The device may be a single-electron transistor, which suggests that one electron passes through it at anybody time.

A research team built a graphene transistor and described it within the March 2007 issue of Nature magazine.

Various features of the graphene transistor :

· Graphene has the capability to operate at room temperature. · It is a size one atom by 10 atoms wide. · It is very sensitive material. · the power to work with the appliance of very low voltages.

The above qualities qualities indicate that graphene-based processors could be a fast , low-power successor to silicon-based processors and enable advances in microchip technology beyond the capabilities of those using silicon as their semiconductor material.

Other Advantages of Graphine

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1. Mechanical strength

Graphene is that the world's strongest material, then are often wont to enhance the strength of other materials. Many researches have demonstrated that adding even alittle amount of graphene to plastics, metals or other materials can make these materials much stronger - or lighter (as you can use less amount of cloth to understand the same strength). Such graphene-enhanced composite materials can find uses in aerospace, building materials, mobile devices, and much of other applications.

2. Thermal applications

Graphene is that the world's most conductive material to heat. As graphene is additionally strong and light-weight , it means it's a superb material to make heat-spreading solutions, like heat sinks or films used to dissipate heat. This could be useful in both microelectronics (for example to make LED lighting more efficient and longer lasting) and also in larger applications - as an example thermal foils for mobile devices. Huawei's latest smartphones, as an example , adopt graphene-based thermal films.

3. Energy storage

Because graphene is that the world's thinnest material, it is also the material with the absolute best surface-area to volume ratio. This all makes graphene a very promising material to be utilized in batteries and supercapacitors. In future, Graphene may be used to enable batteries and supercapacitors (and even fuel-cells) which can store more energy and charge faster proving it best then any other material.

4. Coatings ,sensors, electronics and more

Graphene has a lot of other promising applications: anti-corrosion coatings and paints, efficient and precise sensors, faster and efficient electronics, flexible displays, efficient solar panels, faster DNA sequencing, drug delivery, and more. Graphene is such an excellent and basic building block that it seems that any industry can enjoy this new material. Time will tell where graphene will indeed make an impression - or whether other new materials are going to be more suitable. Many more advantage are there Graphene is that the future and that we are getting to see many implementation of graphene in tomorrow

Raj Kothari
Jul 9, 2020
ME(R/A)N | Machine Learning | Student Mentor | Mobile | Tech Writer | Learner
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